Brain tumors are abnormal growth or cancers within the brain. Earlier having a brain tumor meant awaiting certain death. These days with advancement of therapy for brain tumors many can look forward to longer life spans with the diagnosis of brain tumors.Treatment for brain tumors includes surgery (minimally invasive), chemotherapy with anticancer drugs and radiation therapy.
I. Brain tumor surgery: Before the surgery the scalp area is cleaned and shaved. The scalp is cleansed with an antiseptic lotion before the operation. Detailed images of the tumor are obtained beforehand using CT scans and MRI scans of the head. The operation in most cases is performed under general anesthesia wherein the patient is rendered unconscious.
II.Chemotherapy: These are anticancer medications required in brain cancers. Anticancer drugs may be given as injections and sometimes as tablets or capsules. Chemotherapy may be given during and after radiation therapy with or without surgery. Common side effects of anticancer drugs include nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal upset, anemia, bleeding tendencies, propensity for infections, hair loss, appetite loss, mouth ulcers, weakness etc.
III. Radiation therapy: This therapy uses high energy x-rays, gamma ray, or protons beams to kills brain tumor cells. Radiation therapy usually follows surgery. The radiation kills the remaining tumors cells after surgery. External radiation therapy involves delivering radiation using large X ray like machines of frequent and regular visits to the hospital.
Most patients with neurological disorders are first examined by neurologist who has specialized training in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of a wide variety of diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles.
Microdiscectomy, also called Microlumbar Discectomy (MLD), is performed for patients with a painful lumbar herniated disc. Microdiscectomy is a very common, if not the most common, surgery performed by spine surgeons. The operation consists of
A stereotactic brain surgery is a surgical procedure where lesion, frequently a brain tumour, is removed with assistance of image guidance, that is previously obtained images (usually an MRI) are used to guide the surgeon to the exact location of the lesion to facilitate as accurate a pathway through the brain and safe removal of as much abnormal tissue as pos
Surgery for skull base tumours results in a cure for many patients. For most of these patients, traditional open craniofacial surgery is the safest approach with the best chance of success. In recent years, however, endoscopy-assisted surgery, which leaves no visible scars, has been found to be effective for the resection of some skull base tumours.
A craniotomy is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumour removal.
Brain surgery is an operation to treat problems in the brain and surrounding structures. Brain surgery may be necessary for patients with a range of neurological ailments. Two of the most common reasons patients require brain surgery are brain tumours and brain trauma. The surgeon makes a surgical cut through the scalp.
Surgical intervention is the primary treatment for brain cancers (tumours). Such procedures are intricate and need specialised techniques to remove the tumours without causing severe damage. Many benign (non-cancerous) tumours are treated only by surgery.
An Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM) is a tangle of abnormal and poorly formed blood vessels (arteries and veins), with an innate propensity to bleed. An AVM can occur anywhere in the body, but brain and spinal AVMs present substantial risks when they bleed.
Brain aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure to correct an aneurysm, a weak area in a blood vessel wall that causes the blood vessel to bulge or balloon out and sometimes burst (rupture). It may cause:-Bleeding into an area around the brain-Bleeding in the brain that forms a collection of blood (hematoma)