Menopause is the stage in a woman's life when menstruation stops and a woman can no longer bear children. This phase leads to gradual depletion in the production of female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The fluctuations in hormone levels cause discomfort such as hot flashes (a sudden sensation of warmth, sometimes associated with flushing, and often followed by sweating) and sleep disturbances, vaginal dryness and mood changes. These symptoms can be well treated by supplementary hormonal treatment. This therapy is known as "hormone therapy" (previously called “hormone replacement therapy" or "HRT.")
Estrogen therapy is the most effective prescription medication to treat menopausal symptoms. Depleting estrogen levels also lead to bone loss in women (osteoporosis) disturbs lipid metabolism and increases cardiovascular risks. The hormonal therapy helps to prevent this bone loss, helps maintain metabolic equilibrium. This treatment must be under strict supervision of the treating clinician.
Advantages: Hormonal Therapy helps women endure the discomfort of menopausal symptoms and helps to the meet the challenges of the new phase of life with pride and confidence.
Is HT treatment life long?
NO; the duration if treatment is determined by the symptomology and discomfort that the patient experiences. Thus the treat is individualised under the supervision of the gynaecologist.
Can HT be combined with other medications for osteoporosis?
Yes; the HT can be co-administered in early signs of osteopenia and / or osteoporosis. It is prescription medicines and should be only as per doctor’s advice.
Is HT treatment prescribed for endometriosis?
Yes; estrogenic and progesterone (both are the female reproductive hormones) are prescribed for the treatment of endometriosis under the supervision of the trained gynaecologists.
Myomectomy, sometimes also fibroidectomy, refers to the surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids.
Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva. Many premalignant lesions and malignant lesions in these areas have discernible characteristics which can be detected through the examination.
A Caesarean section is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterectomy) to deliver one or more babies. A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk.
Childbirth is an intense event with very strong emotions. The process of normal childbirth is categorized in three stages of labour: the shortening and dilation of the cervix, descent and birth of the infant, and the placenta being expelled. The most prominent sign of labour are the strong contractile waves that move the infant down the birth canal.
Infertility is the inability of a person to conceive children. Female infertility includes inability of the woman to conceive as well as inability to carry a pregnancy to full term until the child birth. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman, and 20% result from complications with both partners.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is the abnormal growth of cells that invade or spread to other parts of the body. Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth most common cause of cancer and deaths from cancer in women.
Breast cancer is when cancer develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus or womb. Depending upon the type of procedure that is performed and the reason for the surgery, hysterectomy may also include removal of the adjacent Fallopian tubes and ovaries. Hysterectomy is the most common major surgical procedure (unrelated to pregnancy) performed on women.