Lumbar decompression surgery is a type of spinal surgery performed to treat some conditions affecting the lower back (lumbar spine) that haven't responded to other treatments. The main aim of this type of surgery is to improve problems affecting the legs, such as persistent pain and numbness, caused by pressure on the nerves in the spine. Lumbar decompression surgery is often used to treat spinal stenosis, slipped disc, sciatica, spinal injuries and metastatic spinal cord compression. There are two common types of spine surgery decompression procedures: Microdiscectomy and lumbar laminectomy.
Advantages: There is good evidence that decompression surgery can be an effective treatment for people with severe pain caused by compressed nerves. Up to three in every four people who have the operation experience a significant improvement in pain.
When can the patient go back to work after surgery?
The patient can go back to work after complete healing. The decision is also based on the type of job and the occupation of the patient. Most people return after four to six weeks if their job is not physically demanding.
Can the patient drive after the surgery?
After complete healing from the surgery in about 6 weeks’ time the patient can drive. Patient should not be taking any painkillers that can make them drowsy. Patient should be comfortable in the driving position and able to fully control the car.
What will happen post-surgery?
Immediately after surgery, patient will have some pain in and around the area of the surgery. Patient will receive pain relieving medications. The original leg pain before surgery improves considerably improves immediately post-surgery, however, six weeks rest is necessary for complete heal and to be fit for normal activities.
Spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back. It carries signals back and forth between the body and the brain. A spinal cord injury disrupts the signals. Spinal cord injuries usually begin with a blow that fractures or dislocates the vertebrae, the bone disks that make up the spine.
Spine surgery is traditionally done as "open surgery," meaning the area being operated on is opened with a long incision to allow the surgeon to view and access the anatomy. In recent years, however, technological advances have allowed more spine conditions to be treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique.
Neck pain may be caused by disc degeneration, narrowing of the spinal canal, arthritis, and, in rare cases, cancer or meningitis. There are times when surgery is the best option for treating the medical condition responsible for the neck pain.
Lumbar fusion (Arthrodesis) is a major surgery performed to permanently join together two or more bones in the spine so there is no movement between them. These bones are called vertebrae. A lumbar fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.
Endoscopic Spine Surgery is a type of state-of-the-art surgery that uses small tubular system or micro incisions, assisted with an endoscope or microscope. This type of surgery provides patients with quicker recovery and less pain than traditional spine surgery. It preserves normal spine mobility because the spine is not fused with screws and rods.
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which places pressure on the spinal cord. If the stenosis is located on the lower part of the spinal cord it is lumbar spinal stenosis. Stenosis in the upper part of the spinal cord is cervical spinal stenosis.
Almost everyone will experience back pain at some point in their lives. This pain can vary from mild to severe. It can be short-lived or long-lasting. However it happens, back pain can make many everyday activities difficult to do.